Bhubaneshwar which is the capital of Odisha, known as the temple city, has several temples that are important from an architectural point. The largest temple among all the temple is the Lingaraj temple, is an outstanding variety of the Odisha style of temple building.
This is about a thousand years old. Bhubaneshwar, Konarak, and Puri these three places constitute the Golden triangle of Orissa, for this a large number of pilgrims and tourists visit these places. Bhubaneshwar is also a big pilgrimage center, which referred to the Bhrama Purana.
The Bhrama Purana refers that Bhubaneshwar is the Ekamra Kshetra preserve a crore(10 million) Shiva Lingas.
About Lingaraj Temple
The Lingaraj temple in Bhubaneswar is a fine exhibition of divinity and unique structural skills that the city continues to boast of. Every year, the shrine is flocked by ardent devotees of Lord Shiva and enthusiastic tourists. The Lingaraja temple is said to been built first by the ruler Jajati Keshari in the 7th century, he shifted his capital from Jaipur to Bhubaneshwar.
Actually, in four parts the temple is devided, those are the Garbh Griha, the Yajna Shala, the Bhoga Mandap and the Natya Shala respectively. In the Garbh Griha (Sanctum Sanctorum), the linga of Lord Shiva is observed as ‘Swayambhu’ (Self-originated) and worshipped as both Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu.
The ‘Lingam’ is bathed with water, milk and bhang every day. Apart from Garbh Griha, the ‘Nata Mandir’ provides a better hint for its close agreement with This massive image of ‘Linga’ appears of granite stone.
Lingaraj Temple shows the rich legacy of Indian culture and traditions. The huge temple attracts thousands of devotees and pilgrims to visit this holy place every year.
History of Lingaraj Temple
The Lingaraj Temple, which is a 1000 year old structure, built in the 11th century. At that time King Jajati Keshari shifted his military capital from Jajpur to Bhubaneswar, he boosted up the shrine.
But historians believe that it existed since the 6th century, Brahma Purana, underline on the importance of the worship to Lord Shiva in Bhubaneswar.
The Lingaraj Temple also has an interesting mythological tale. It goes like this: once, Lord Shiva told his companion Parvathi why he approved the city Bhubaneswar over Benares. So she camouflaged herself as an ordinary cattle woman and risked out to explore the city. She came with two demands during her journey, these two demands are Kritti and Vasa, who wanted to marry her.
After her constant refusal, the demons continued to follow Parvathi. To protect herself, she destroyed the both. Then, Lord Shiva cascade and created the Bindu Sagar Lake and resided there for ages. The Lingaraj temple is one of the oldest temple in Bhubaneswar.
Some other Pilgrimages
The outer walls of the Lingaraj temple exist un parallel carvings. The temple has the three compartments and each one has a temple each. There is an image of lord ganesh towards the south of the entrance, at add to its beauty. The back is the image of Goddess Parvati and to its north is Lord Kartikya.
The Lingaraja temple has got various no of pillars and halls which is one of its beauties. There is a temple of lord Ganesha at the main gate followed by Nandi Pillar. The temple is very much dedicated to “Tri Bhubaneshwar”, or Lord of the three worlds also known as Lord Shiva. A huge statue of Lord Shiva, made up of granite, is 8 feet in diameter and placed on a platform that is about 8 inches above ground. The idol of Lord Shiva is bathed daily with Water, Milk and Bhang (Marijuana).
How to Reach
To visit the Lingaraj temple, you have to make a stopover at Bhubaneswar. The city is one of the popular tourist spots for both holiday makers and pilgrims around the country.
The Bjiu Patnaik Airport is located in the heart of the city centre and mainly operates domestic airlines. There are several flights that commute back and forth to metros in the country, on a daily basis. Some of the cities connecting to Bhubaneswar by air are New Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai and Bangalore.
Bhubaneswar is the headquarters of the East coast of the Railway Division. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that this city is well connected to other major railway junctions located in the metros. There are passenger trains which travel on a regular basis.
The city has good private and public bus service that runs on the state and national highway. The OSRTC (Odisha State Road Transport Corporation) is situated just 8km away from city center.