Pipili Applique work is well known from the 12th century, which was the origin of Lord Jagannath culture. Pipili is the village in the Puri district of Odisha, and well known for its applique work (Chandua). The name applique comes from the french word “Appliquer”.
In Applique, there are two variants of techniques:
Applique – Where a fabric shape is sewn over a base layer.
Reverse Applique – In this applique, two layers of fabric are laid down, and a shape is cut out from the upper layer. It exposes the lower layer.
This product got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the government of India. In Limca Book of Records of 2004 Pipili entered and made the world’s largest thematic applique work. The applique was 54-meters long which shows India’s struggle for Independence.
About Pipili – Puri
Pipili is a small town, which is situated 45 kilometers from Puri, Odisha, and 19 kilometers from Bhubaneswar. This small town is mostly dependent upon the handicrafts business, in which applique work is the main source. These days Pipili is known as the destination for applique works. You can shop various applique items such as canopies, umbrellas, handbags, small bags, etc.
History Of Appliques
The world-famous applique work is known from very old days. In Odisha culture, Lord Jagannath’s Rath Yatra is one of the major festivals of Odisha. Pipili appliques have been used since the 12th century. In earlier days Gajapatis of Odisha prepared the umbrellas and canopies for the annual Ratha Yatra Festival.
Design and Use
The design of the appliques is like they use waterproof material in the base for the umbrellas, velvet materials for tents. About the designs, you can find mythological and natural figures used in the appliques which include- peacocks, docks, trees, parrots, etc, and in flowers, you can see lotus, jasmine, and half-moon and sun in mythological figures. You can also find some mirror work inside the appliques.
These days these appliques are used more in households, as decorative items, and as festival products. It is mainly used during Odisha rituals and in deities Jatras. You can find it in the Raths of all deities at the Ratha Yatra Festival.