Culture Of Odisha

Art Culture & Tradition Of Odisha

Odisha is the support of rich cultural heritage with historical memorials, archaeological sites, traditional arts, sculpture, dance, and music. Every time Odisha attracts a large number of scholars and tourists. 

At the holy fence of Lord Jagannath temple, the bawdy of Konark’s Sun temple, the wondrous caves of Jainism, and the mystical monasteries of Buddhism.

If we go to the history of Odisha, it had a continuous tradition of “Dharmik Religions” such as Hinduism, Jainism & Buddhism. Buddhism concept came from Ashoka’s conquest of Kalinga (Odisha), and this made a number of Stupas and busiest learning centers in Odisha. 

Currently, the majority of people of Odisha are Hindus. There is a lot of rich cultural heritage in the state owes the Hindu faith. Saint Bhima Bhoi, Sarala Das who was the translator of the epic Mahabharata in Odia, Jayadeva was the author of the Gita Govinda. 


Odisha is one of the most beautiful states in India, which is full of natural beauty. The people of this state are very congenial and welcome the guests with open arms. The official language of Odisha is Odia, which is spoken by the majority (84%) of the population.

The other major languages spoken in the state are Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, and Telugu. The English language is spoken only by a few literate people in Odisha.


Odia Literature has been outlined by historians with the following stages, Old Odia (900-1300 CE), Early Middle Odia (1300-1500 CE), Middle Odia (1500-1700 CE), Late Middle Odia (1700 CE-1850 CE) and Modern Odia (from 1850 CE till the present). Due to the rude categorization, they could not skillfully draw the real picture of the development of Odia Literature.

Odia poetry begins with the development of Charya Sahitya, then the literature started by Mahayana Buddhist poets. That literature was specifically written named “Sandhya Bhasha” and the poets like Luipa, Kanhupa are from the territory of Odisha.

Sarala Das

One of the great poets of Odisha the famous Sarala Das who wrote the Mahabharata, which was not the exact translation from Sanskrit to Odia but a full description details. Sarala Das’s Mahabharat has 152000 compositions compared to 100000 in the Sanskrit version. He is being remembered for his Sarala Mahabharat among many of his poems and epics.

Music Of Odisha

Odisha has a rich heritage of music, which is a delight for all music lovers. Among all Odissi music is a piece of classical music which is very popular internationally. It has all elements such as Tala and Raga. Jayadeva was the first poet to compose musical lyrics. 

Odisha music is categorized into 5 types

  1. Tribal music
  2. Folk music
  3. Light music
  4. Light-Classical music
  5. Classical music

Dance of Odisha

Odissi dance and Odissi music all are classical forms. It has a tradition of 2,000 years old and is mentioned in the Natyashastra of Bharatamuni, which is written about 200 BCE. Still, the dance form nearly went abolished during the British ruler time, only to be restored after India’s independence by a few defenders, they are Guru Deba Prasad Das, Guru Pankaj Charan Das, Guru Raghunath Dutta, and Kelucharan Mohapatra.

Odissi Dance

Odissi classical dance is nothing but the divine love of Lord Krishna and his consort Radha, mostly drawn by the composition of notable Odiya poet Jayadev, who lives in the 12th century.

Another dance form that is famous is Chhau dance (or Chau dance), which is a form of tribal martial dance. Whose origin is in Mayurbhanj princely state of Odisha and which seen in the Indian states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Odisha. Basically there are three subtypes of dance, these are mentioned in the original places where the subtype dance form is developed.

Chau Dance

Like Seraikella Chau was developed in Seraikella, so this is called Seraikella Chau, Purulia Chau which developed in Purulia district of West Bengal and Mayurbhanj Chau developed in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha.

Customs And Traditions

Odisha’s unique culture is widely known as Jagannath Sanskruti which revolves around Lord Jagannath. Each and every festival is celebrated among all Odias with old customs and traditions. 

Wedding Tradition

Odia wedding ceremony performed by Odia Hindu people in the Indian state of Odisha. There are different rituals according to different castes. One unique thing about Odia’s wedding is that the bridegroom’s mother does not take part in the ceremony. 

Odia’s marriage has three major rituals, Nirbandha (Engagement), Bahaghara (The wedding), and Chaturthi. Odia wedding continues to 8 days calls (Astamangala).

Clothing Of Odisha

The clothing of Odisha shows the ancient heritage of the state. Odisha people preserve their tradition and culture. 

The traditional clothes of Odia men are Dhoti and Kurta, whereas women of Odisha prefer Saree. There is a large variety of saree made by Handlooms of Odisha available in different places of Odisha. Manibandha saree, Sambalpuri Pata Saree, Berhampur Pata Saree, Puri Patachitra Saree are really popular in India. Currently, people of Odisha prefer western clothes.

Odia Cinema – Ollywood

Odia filmography’s first production was a talkie. The first Odia talkie Sita Bibaha was made by Mohan Sundar Deb Goswami in 1936. The pace of Odia film production in the initial years was very slow. After Sita Bibaha, only two films were produced until 1951.

Odia Movie

Odia Film Industry, especially in the 1960s and 1970s, were highly indebted to Bengali films. Several Bengali directors help their Odia counterparts to help make films. Eminent director Mrinal Sen even directed an Odia film ‘Matira Manisha’ which won National Award for best actor Prashanta Nanda.


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