Odisha

Odisha is the support of rich cultural heritage with historical memorials, archaeological sites, traditional arts, sculpture, dance, and music. Every time Odisha attracts a large number of scholars and tourists. At the holy fence of Lord Jagannath temple, the bawdy of Konark’s Sun temple, the wondrous caves of Jainism, and the mystical monasteries of Buddhism.

About Odisha

Odisha, a state of India, located on the east coast of India, by the Bay of Bengal. It is the modern name of the ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in 261 BCE. The modern state of Odisha was established on April 1, 1936, as a province in British India and consisted predominantly of Odia speakers.

April 1 is therefore celebrated as Utkala Dibasa (foundation day of Odisha). Cuttack remained the capital of the state for over eight centuries until April 13, 1948, before Bhubaneswar was officially declared as the new capital of Odisha, and still is the present capital of this state.

Odisha is the 9th largest state by area in India and the 11th largest by population. Oriya (officially spelled Odia) is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by three-quarters of the population.

Odisha has a relatively unindented coastline (about 480 km long) and lacked good ports, except for the deepwater facility at Paradip, until the recent launch of the Dhamara Port. The narrow, level coastal strip, including the Mahanadi River delta, supports the bulk of the population.


Odisha Map

History

During the old-age times, the Kalinga country was untouched by the clout of Brahmanical culture. However, by the 15th century, the region was affected by the Brahmanical traditions and the predominant social customs slowly began to change.

The Kalinga war was played a dominant role in changing the social, political, and economic conditions of the region. The battle between Emperor Ashoka and the King of Kalinga had an impact on the development of Odisha.

Emperor Ashoka was highly moved by the pitiable condition of the innocent people who lost their near and dear ones in the ruthless fight between two rulers. After the Kalinga War, Emperor Ashoka adopted Buddhism and preached peace and harmony. Under the guidance of Emperor Ashoka.

In the middle-level period, Odisha came under the cloth of Tantrism which is the tribal form of worshipping the Supreme Being. The Yogini Cult of Odisha was one way of expressing the Tantric culture of the olden days.

Languages Spoken

Odisha is one of the most beautiful states in India, which is full of natural beauty. The people of this state are very congenial and welcome the guests with open arms. The official language of Odisha is Odia, which is spoken by the majority (84%) of the population.

The other major languages spoken in the state are Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, and Telugu. The English language is spoken only by a few literate people in Odisha.

Some variations could be noticed among the Odia speaking people. These variations consist of Baleswari (Balasore), Sambalpuri (Sambalpur and other western districts), Laria (Sambalpur), Bhatri (Koraput), Ganjami (Ganjam and Koraput), etc.

How to Reach Odisha

Reach Odisha (Orissa) by Rail

There is a good train network also that connects Calcutta, Puri, Madras, Delhi, Bombay, Bangalore, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Tirupati, and Trivandrum.

Reach Odisha (Orissa) by Road

Odisha (Orissa) is well connected to its neighboring states through a good road network.

Reach Odisha (Orissa) by Air

Regular flights landing at the only major airport of the city namely Biju Patnaik Airport connect it to all the major cities of the country such as Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Vishakhapatnam, Hyderabad, and Bangalore.